Politics  Business  Society & Culture  Reviews  Editorial  News
Politics
Tuesday,Apr 16,2013
SNAPSHOT: Dino Melaye’s car allegedly shot at by unknown gunmen in Abuja – See Tweets
by Akan IdoFormer House of Representatives member, Dino Melaye was said to have been attacked by yet unidentified i....
By associate editor(ynaija)
Thursday,Apr 11,2013
On the contrary, it is we that should grant you pardon – Boko Haram
KANO (AFP) – The leader of the radical Islamist group Boko Haram has rejected the idea of any potential amnes....
By Vanguard
Tuesday,Apr 09,2013
“Forgive Boko Haram as my late husband forgave the Niger Delta militants” – Turai Yar’Adua tells Jonathan
The wife of former President Umaru Yar’Adua, Turai Yar’Adua, has implored President Goodluck Jonathan t....
By Rachel Ogbu
Monday,Apr 08,2013
Ekiti deputy governor, Funmilayo Olayinka dies of cancer at 52
Ekiti State Deputy Governor, Mrs. Funmi Olayinka dancing during the special prayer session in her office to mark th....
By Y! City Editor
Thursday,Apr 04,2013
Obama To Return 5 Percent Of His Salary In Solidarity With Furloughed Federal Workers
WASHINGTON -- Sharing a bit of budget pain, President Barack Obama will return 5 percent of his salary to the Treas....
By JOSH LEDERMAN
Friday,Mar 22,2013
France's Sarkozy investigated in party-funding affair
Ex-French president Nicolas Sarkozy was placed under formal investigation on Thursday for "abuse of weakness&q....
By Reuters
Friday,Mar 22,2013
Putin Welcomes China's Xi for Landmark Talks
Russia's President Vladimir Putin and China's new leader Xi Jinping are to hold landmark talks on Friday in the hop....
By AFP
Friday,Mar 22,2013
“No minister will get cleared without a PDP membership card’ – Bamanga Tukur
Henceforth all ministerial nominees must be card-carrying members of the Peoples Democratic Party else they will be....
By Rachel Ogbu
Tuesday,Mar 19,2013
30 Killed in Blast at Motor Park in Kano
Over 30 people were killed following a bomb blast in a motor park in the Sabon Gari area of Kano State at about 4.0....
By Jakky Bankong-obi
Wednesday,Mar 13,2013
FG Rejects Video Clip as Proof of Foreign Hostages’ Death
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Olugbenga AshiruBy Ike Abonyi and Damilola  Oyedele
T....
By Ike Abonyi and Damilola Oyedele
Google
 
Web site search
Home >> Politics
Somali Reconciliation Conferences: The unbeaten track

By:
Professor Mohamed H. Mukhtar




 
Introduction
 
 
Since 1991 there has been 15 major national and an uncountable number of regional and clan reconciliation conferences, most of which took place outside of Somalia. Ethiopia hosted four, three in Addis Ababa in 1992-93 and one in Sodere - a hot spring resort about 100 kilometers southeast of Addis Ababa -  in January, 1997.  Djibouti hosted three, two in June-July, 1991, and in May 2000 in Arta, a summer resort near Djibouti.
 
What strikes one the most are the similarities in the way these peace and reconciliation conferences were conducted. Each conference attempted to lay the groundwork for a comprehensive peace, and each supposedly represented the entire nation. Most were hosted by a friendly neighboring country, supported by the Somali public, the United Nations,  international organizations and nongovernmental organizations or NGOs. Key participants included representatives of armed factions, collaborators of faction ‘leaders,’ and former civilian politicians and army officers who clearly helped put the country in the position where it is today. At the start of each meeting, there were great expectations and hopes that there would be no more missed opportunities for peace. But these conferences were all doomed to fail leaving Somalia without a functioning government.
 
The time has come to reconsider the basic ingredients of peace and reconciliation. According to Somali tradition, “Ol nebeda ku dombooyty,” every war gives way to peace. “Dagaal wiilbaa ku dhinta ee kuma dhasho,” war results in the death of a son, but not in the birth of one. “Nebeda naas la nuughy leh,” it is only peace that can give you milk. I will argue that for durable peace, the following  conditions are necessary:[1]
 
Trustworthy participants
 


Sponsored Links

For stateless societies recovering from periods of massive atrocities, reconciliation efforts can easily be doomed by disputes over who has the right to represent whom in the peace talks. It is necessary, therefore, to ask what would it take, and what do the current or imagined institutions, need to do, to help Somalis come to terms with the past, to help heal the victims, the bystanders, and even the perpetrators of violence? What could build a nation capable of preventing future massacres and the rise of new regimes of torture? The most effective way is to embrace the rule of law and to set up a tribunal. Somali victims are entitled to full justice, namely trials of perpetrators and adequate punishment for those found guilty. There must be due process.
 
The Rwandan massacre trials of 1994 in Arusha, Tanzania, in December 2003, almost a decade after the massacre, convicted many Rwandans of genocide and crimes against humanity.[2] The prosecutors called the verdicts an historic victory of good against evil, and Rwandans started to pursue their life regularly, and to forgive and forget. The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of 1995 is another good example of positive recovery of a society from a  horrific past, deeply divided community to a future founded on a peaceful coexistence for all South Africans irrespective of color, race, class, belief or gender.[3] Imagine World War II without the Nuremburg trials, what would have been the fate of Europe?
 
Somalia has not conducted its own tribunals of reconciliation, but the door is still open. Such a procedure has the added advantage of identifying or “short listing” the number of potential participants in any future peace negotiations and gives the public a clear conscience as they choose future leaders. The United Nations and friendly nations should assist Somalia to implement this process.
 
Impartial or disinterested negotiators:
 


CONTINUE ON PAGE    1    2
   3    4    5      SEND TO A FRIEND


Articles published on this website are reviewed before publication, which means there may be a delay between the time you sent your article and its appearance on the website. Holler Africa! reserves the right to edit articles for style and length.


Post Your Comments
Title:
Somali Reconciliation Conferences: The unbeaten track
Name:
Message:
(9000 chars max)
Security Code *   Security Code
Please enter value in box
as you see in image.

 

 Politics  Business  Society & Culture  Reviews  Editorial  News

Copyright © 2005 by holler Africa!
Reproduction of content on this site without the publisher's written permission is strictly prohibited.
Contact us for details at: info@hollerafrica.com
holler Africa! is a subsidiary of Adonis & Abbey Publishers Ltd.
P.O. Box 43418 London SE11 4XZ, United Kingdom.