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Home >> Politics
Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Which Way Nigeria?

Daniel Eseme Idowu Gberevbie, Moses M. Duruji & Bankole Ogundeji


Poverty is an enemy of man, it humiliates and dehumanises its victim. The paper examines poverty alleviation policies and programmes of government and came to the conclusion that these policies failed to alleviate, instead elevated poverty in the country. The reasons for these include corruption in government and neglect of the target group – the poor, who were never considered during the formulation of these policies. The paper suggests that government should intensify the war against corruption and carry along the target group – the poor, in formulation of its programmes by making ‘pro-poor’ policies its focus as a basis for poverty alleviation.
    Poverty has been a serious challenge to governments in Nigeria.  Its effect, which includes lack and deprivation in the basic necessities of life, is worrisome. Poverty humiliates and dehumanises its victim.  As Ukpong (1996) rightly noted:
…poverty has earned recognition in the extent of its ravaging society and the affairs of humanity at the international, national and local levels…the need exists now for urgent actions towards its eradication and control…indeed, poverty is a snare.  It is dehumanising…It must be eradicated… (cited in Obadan, 1996).
     In a bid to overcome poverty, governments initiated different policies and programmes between 1986 and 2004 to alleviate it. These programmes include: Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFFRI), Better Life Programme (BLP), Directorate of Employment (NDE); People’ Bank of Nigeria (PBN); Community Bank (CB); Family Support Programme (FSP); Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP); Poverty Eradication Programme (PEP); National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP); and National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy (NEEDS) whose aim were to ameliorate the suffering of the people by providing them employment opportunities and access to credit facilities to enable them establish their own businesses.
      The paper is divided into five parts: part one contains the introduction; part two looked at why poverty persist in Nigeria; part three focused on government policies and poverty alleviation; part four discussed government policies and poverty elevation; and part five contains the way forward and conclusion.
II. Why Poverty Persist in Nigeria
The following are some of the factors why poverty persists in the country:
  1. Poor macro-economic and monetary policies – These have contributed to high poverty rate.  The Nigerian naira that used to exchange for 1.20 Naira to one British Pound in 1986, now exchanges for 240 Naira. The outcome has made it almost impossible for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to thrive, which would have contributed to the reduction of poverty through job creation.
  2. Globalisation – This means trade liberalization. Nations are supposed to trade freely amongst themselves for the mutual benefits of their people.  As for Nigeria, there are only two major goods that could be marketed – crude oil and agricultural produce. The latter is totally neglected with the discovery of the former in a commercial quantity. The gains of globalisation as currently being enjoyed by developed nations seem to be eluding Nigeria because of her inability to export manufactured goods abroad like other developed nations.
  3. Good Governance - Nigeria is yet to experience good governance, this has deprived her people the dividends of democracy.  Policies of government are still being formulated without due consideration to the welfare of citizens, the outcome of which is further poverty.

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View Comments
Date:Apr 23, 2013
Making wealth is guaranteed for the people of the world. ABOUT US We are brothers blessed to make people rich. The secrets are here to show you how to make wealth and power to stand among equals for members of the club and also welcome new member to join and make wealth. Venue will be disclosed on contact. MORE INFORMATION We normally organize a two day get together for executive and non-executive members. An opportunity will be made availablefor the non-members to join and make wealth. Date/Venue will be disclosed to the new and existing members only. CONTACT US Email: ajakajaclub@gmail.com Mobile: +234 8063162411 Phone: +234 8188289966 Send all your email to us on ajakajaclub@gmail.com for more enlightenment. Blessed Be!

Manu Zubair
Date:Apr 23, 2013
Fantastic article! please can you assist with the complete text. thanks in anticipation. my email is manuzubair@yahoo.com

Uduak Eugene(JOAN)
Date:Apr 22, 2013
This is really an erudite work and very helpful in my current write-up!.....keep it up!

Willie M M S
Date:Apr 22, 2013
I real appreciate your wonderful article.if you guys don`t mind i would like to get the full citation of the article. bigfish4real12@yahoo.com

Abdulrahman Mahmud
Date:Apr 22, 2013
It is good to share such article because it is not any ones fault to be poor so let us all read and together we can send poverty to where it belongs.

Oloruntoba Efe Grace
Date:Feb 22, 2013
9ce compilation. Hoping that Nigeria will get better by the special grace of God in Jesus Name. Amen n Amen.

Ayeni samson (Ekiti)
Date:Feb 13, 2013
This is a well researched paper. I will like to have a copy. Well done! My email is samsonayeni31@gmail.com

ozioko, tochukwu jessica
Date:Feb 13, 2013
you have done a great work here thank you very much for this idea. Plz could you forward the article to my e- mail i'm carrying out a research on poverty allevaition programmes in nigeria. Tochyjessica51@yahoo.com thanks in anticipation

Amb. Uwa Azubuike (J.P)
Date:Feb 13, 2013
Infact these is a tremendouse and awardiouse work well done. I wish the federal government of nigeria should not over enphasis this site.

Charles Tuku
Date:Jan 25, 2013
BLACKHEART BROTHERHOOD Making wealth is guaranteed for the people of the world. ABOUT US We are brother blessed to make people rich. The secret heart of BlackHeart BrotherHoods are here to show you how to make wealth and power to stand among equals formembers of the hood and also welcome new member to join and make wealth. Venue will be disclosed on contact. MORE INFORMATION We normally organize a two day get together for executive and non-executive members. An opportunity will be made availablefor the non-members to join and make wealth. Date/Venue will be disclosed to the new and existing members only. CONTACT US Email: secretoath@blumail.org Mobile: +2347065264484 Phone: +2348092552763 Send all your email to us on secretoath@blumail.org for more enlightenment. Blessed Be!

Date:Jan 21, 2013
This is encouraging. We need more of this. Thank you.

Date:Jan 14, 2013
You have done a good work.can I get a full citation of this article and the year of publication . This is my email address.tinaaffam@ gmail.com

Eric okwo
Date:Jan 14, 2013
This article should be imposed to all the students politicians parents and our next generation. Pls i need the full citation

Date:Nov 20, 2012
Infant that is the major problem we are having in Nigeria " Good governance".

Bagaiya Rebecca
Date:Nov 20, 2012
In order for these programm to be fully implementedcorruption must be put in its right place.After thatother things can follow such as these government programs.

Stephen Emmanuel
Date:May 08, 2012
Pls i need the full citation and the year of publication. Its urgent pls! I writing my final year project on the problem of poverty in nigeria. Email emmysteve4@gmail.com

Date:May 08, 2012
please can u giv me d hypothesis testing of poverty alleviation in nigeria and also method of d study of poverty alleviation in nigeria. Pls help me out some body

Aiyeloja, Helen
Date:May 08, 2012
You have really done well.You have increased my intellect on Poverty Alleviation ReductionI will go a long way to impact the knowledge to many people.Keep it up. funmiloja@yahoo.com

ajala dayo
Date:May 08, 2012

Kennedy christopher
Date:May 08, 2012
Povertya great monster as tremendously and wonderfully eaten deep into the socio economic settingsand become the brain behind nigeria's economicpolitical and regional upevils.sadlydespite overwhelming and sound government policies toward poverty alleviationthe rate poverty keep skyrocketing.the reasons are not far fetchthey range from policies inconsistencisemis-managementlack of commitment on both the part of the government and the governed and most importantly corruption.to ensure a prosperous nigeriathis challengies most be address vehemently and regoriously

Ejiofor Bright(UNN)
Date:May 08, 2012
Dear Daniel Eseme & Co i really appreciate your efforts in putting up this wonderful article on the net cause it helped me in writing my term paper on povertymore power to your elbow.I will like to get the publishing details of the article here is my e-mail ejiguy2008@yahoo.com

Date:May 08, 2012
ur work is so good nd nice. I wil like 2 get d ful citation 4 d completion of my project. My email is christiana.erin@yahoo.com

Agu Cynthia
Date:May 07, 2012
Pls i need copy of this article on poverty alleviation and e-mail is cynthy1baby@yahoo.com

Adamu Suleiman
Date:May 07, 2012
I like it that way and i need many more for a good research material.e mail adr Adamsy@ymail

Iwegbu c. Justus(icj4life@yahoo.com)
Date:May 07, 2012
Fighting poverty in nigeria will remain a mirrage if strategies to reduce cost of governance is not put in place urgently. Have you considered how much of tax payers money is spent in our legislative houses have any one considered how is spent on individual minister or commissioners at d state level? Way forward is better discussed in an academic conference if am invited.

Osamuyi Okpame
Date:May 07, 2012
I found this article very interesting and useful. ..Thanks

Date:May 07, 2012
good writeup kudus!

Date:May 07, 2012

yahaya isah sidi
Date:Oct 12, 2011
well any thing that i want to say hve already been said by many. but i still think i have one or two things to say first thank you for this rich work secondly may God reward you.

Jamilu Yusuf
Date:Sep 10, 2011
I am really appreciated when found this article at my door step.More grace to your elbow.Keep it up please.

Jamilu Yusuf
Date:Sep 10, 2011
I am really appreciated when i found this article at my door step.Keep it up please! I am grateful once again. mujamiluy@yahoo.com

Ayuba Olarewaju
Date:Sep 10, 2011
Every Nigerian needs to be educated on how to VOTE RIGHTLY without be wrongly directed by our so called political leaders.

Date:Sep 10, 2011

Eletu fasilat
Date:Apr 09, 2011

emmanuel iwuh
Date:Dec 10, 2010
I really find this material very useful for one economics courses. thanks.

azeez lawal
Date:Nov 23, 2010
the poverty here is too much goverment needs to act fast to it you see people not even been able to get a 3 square meal for day its bad homless little kids on the street its absorb they should do something fast

Onajobi Adebajo
Date:Oct 01, 2010
this is a nice piece and I would like the full citation cause am presently something on corruption and poverty alleviation in nigeria in the fourth republic. i would appreciate itb very much

Larry-love effiong nduonofit
Date:Sep 29, 2010
the talk about poverty alleviation in Nigeria is just too much. it has been talked about for God knows how long now. I think it is time to walk the talk and stop talking. but of course all hands have to be on deck in making a good choice of our leaders. Governance and poverty eradication are directly related and governance is all about leadership. Hence for us to tackle it we must make a good choice. Which underscores the need for all and sundry to come out and exercise their voting right. Posterity will never forgive us if in 20 years time we are still talking poverty alleviation in Nigeria.

mohammed babatunde
Date:Sep 21, 2010
in other to make this progammes to be well function nigerians should vote and elect good people that would act with good governance.

Date:Jun 27, 2010
The type of poverty we have in nigeria is both income non-income poverty.

Date:Jun 23, 2010
The type of poverty we have in nigeria is both income non-income poverty.

Gwon Fidelia
Date:May 25, 2010
Its wonderful. Pls i its ful citation and year of publication.

queen george
Date:Apr 24, 2010
show me the way nigeria

Odi martins ekiyor
Date:Apr 16, 2010
Can u pls snd me d full citation and d year of publication pls its a matter of life because i need it. Pls can u also send any other work on this topic 2 aid my research. Thanks. Lyttleboy4luv@yahoo.com is my email.

Date:Apr 01, 2010
Really interesting. Please I'd like to get the full citation for this article including its year of publication as soon as possible. My e-mail is obunikestephen@yahoo.com

Date:Mar 03, 2010
can i get the full citation of this article please and the year of publication. ask4jella@yahoo.com.is my email add. cheers

Date:Mar 03, 2010
The response level to local and national disasters is noble but it's a damn shame that so many people take advantage of the sad situations. I mean everytime there is an earthquake a flood an oil spill - there's always a group of heartless people who rip off tax payers. This is in response to reading that 4 of Oprah Winfreys "angels" got busted ripping off the system. Shame on them! http://www.cbsnews.com/blogs/2009/08/19/crimesider/entry5251471.shtml

Date:Nov 10, 2009
Can you send the full citation for this article. Thanks A.Y.

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